Geography of Romania and Moldova
by Mario Caruntu
Being situated on the edge of the Balkan Peninsula and covering an elliptical area, of 238.391 km ², Romania is part of the lower Danube basin and eastern regions of the middle basin of this river. It is both south and north of the Carpathian Mountains, which form the natural barrier between the river Danube.
We are in the region of Moldova
A few words about the region of Moldavia
- Regional development -
Map of the North-East region
The largest town -
Romanian ethnic groups (97.9%)
Other groups (0.6%)
- Total 36.850 km ²
- Estimate 01/01/2010 3,712,396
- Density 100.74 inhabitants / km ²
North-East is a region of Romania's development, created in 1998. Like the other regions, it has no administrative powers, its main function is coordinating regional development projects from EU funds absorption. Contains six counties that are part of the historical region of Moldova: Bacau, Botosani, Iasi, Neamt, Suceava and Vaslui.
The relief is varied.
Maximum altitude of 2,100 meters, on top of Calimani Pietrosul (Suceava
County), and the minimum below 100 meters on the river Prut. On the territory
of three counties Bacau, Neamt and Suceava, are units of the Eastern
Carpathians mountains. In Bacau and Neamt counties are present Moldavian
Subcarpathians. Moldavian Plateau is present in each of the six counties.
Botosani, Iasi and Vaslui have plains and meadows belonging to the Plain of
Moldavia and Prut meadow. A special case is the corridor Siret and Moldova.
The climate varies accordingly. The annual average temperature of 0 ° C and rainfall of 1400 mm on the highest mountain peaks Calimani.Temperature of 9.8 ° C (Barlad) and precipitation of 450-500 mm (plains- counties Botosani, Iasi and Vaslui).
Vegetation and fauna are determined by climate and terrain, ranging from alpine and subalpine mountain peaks on the second floor of Suceava county forest steppe and steppe in Botosani, Iasi and Vaslui.
NE economy is predominantly agricultural, especially in the north, although there are many industrial cities, the largest being Iasi, Bacau and Suceava. GDP per capital in the region is lowest in Romania, about two thirds of the national average. At present the textile industry has the fastest growth. Turism is also very important, especially in mountain areas in west and in cities like Iasi, Suceava and Bacau. Other attractions are the monasteries in northern Moldavia, which are part of universal heritage.
Northeast has a total population of 3,674,367, making it the country's most populated region. Density is 99.71 / km ², higher than the national average of 91.3 / km ². 1808390 (49.22%) of residents are male and 1,865,977 (50.78%) are female. 97.9% of the population are Romanians, Roma are the largest minority, representing 1.2% of the population. Another significant minority is the Ukrainians
The Romanian language is the spoken language, the language of 98.7% of the inhabitants. Romanian is spoken by 0.6% of the population and 0.3% Ukrainian.